W h a t h a p p e n e d i n 1 9 0 0
* January 1 – Hawaii asks for a delegate at the U.S. Republican National Convention.
* January 2
- The first electric bus becomes operational in New York City.
- U.S. Secretary of State John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote American trade with China.
* January 3 – The United States Census estimates the country's population to be about 70 million people.
* January 4 – Strikes in Belgium and Germany lead to mining riots.
* January 5
- The Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
- Dr. Henry A. Rowland of Johns Hopkins University announces a theory about the cause of the Earth's magnetism.
* January 6 – Second Boer War: Boers attack the town of Ladysmith, South Africa, killing over 1,000 people.
* January 8 – President William McKinley of the United States places Alaska under military governance.
* January 9 – The first through passenger train goes from Cairo to Khartoum.
* January 14
- The opera Tosca premieres in Rome, Italy.
- The U.S. Senate accepts the British-German treaty of 1899, in which the United Kingdom renounced its claims to
the American Samoa portion of the Samoan Islands.
* January 17 - Brigham H. Roberts of Utah is not seated by the U.S. House of Representatives because of his plural
* January 23 – 5,000 Austrian miners go on strike.
* January 24 – The Second Boer War: At the Battle of Spion Kop: Boer troops defeat the British troops.
* January 26 – The Labor League Conference opens in Sydney, Australia, with plans to form a Federal Labor Party.
This is spelled "Labor" even in Australia.
* January 27 – Boxer Rebellion: Foreign diplomats in Peking, China demand that the Boxer rebels be disciplined.
* January 29 – The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with
eight founding teams.
* February 1 – Western Australia announced its refusal to join the Australian Federation unless it is given five more
years of fiscal freedom.
* February 3
- Governor William Goebel of Kentucky dies of wounds after being shot by several assassins on January 30. Goebel,
who had prevailed in a dispute over the winner of the election in November 1899, had been sworn in on his
deathbed. The former U.S. Secretary of State Caleb Powers is later found guilty in the conspiracy to kill Goebel.
- Strikers in Aachen, Vienna, and Brussels demand an eight-hour working day and higher wages.
* February 5
- The United Kingdom and the United States sign a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal
across Central America in Nicaragua.
- Second Boer War: The British House of Commons' vote of censure over the British government's handling of the
war is defeated.
* February 6 – The international arbitration court at The Hague is created when the Netherlands' Senate ratifies an
1899 peace conference decree.
* February 8 – Second Boer War: British troops are defeated by the Boers at Ladysmith.
* February 9 – Dwight F. Davis creates the Davis Cup tennis tournament.
* February 14
- Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
- Second Boer War – Battle of Paardeberg: 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
* February 15 – Second Boer War: The Siege of Kimberley is lifted.
* February 17 – Second Boer War: Battle of Paardeberg: British troops defeat the Boers.
* February 27
- The British Labour Party is formed.
- Second Boer War: British military leaders accept the unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet
- Ramsay MacDonald is appointed secretary of the newly formed British Labour Party.
- FC Bayern Munich, football club, is founded.
* March 2 (beginning) – Groups of officials inspect towns around Australia in order to find a location the new Federal
* March 5 – Two U.S. Navy cruisers are sent to Central America to protect American interests in a dispute between
Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
* March 6
- "Baby-farmer" Ada Williams is hanged at Newgate Prison for murdering a 21-month old girl.
- A coal mine explosion in West Virginia kills 50 miners.
* March 7 – A fire at Buckingham Palace destroys part of its roof.
* March 8 – Londoners celebrate as Queen Victoria makes a rare visit to the city.
* March 9 – Women in Germany demand the right to participate in university entrance exams.
* March 14 – The botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's Laws of Heredity.
* March 15 – The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing the United States currency on the gold standard.
* March 16 – The British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans purchases the land on Crete on which the ruins of the
palace of Knossos stand. He begins to unearth some of the palace three days later.
* March 24 – The Mayor of New York, Van Wyck, breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that
will link Manhattan with Brooklyn.
* March 27 – The arrival of a Russian naval fleet in Korea causes concern to the Imperial Japanese government.
* March 28 – Over 1,000 tonnes of waste are removed from demolished buildings in Sydney, Australia, in areas
affected by an outbreak of the bubonic plague.
* March 31 – In France, the length of a legal workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours.
* April 1
- The Irish Guards are formed by Queen Victoria.
- King George of Greece becomes absolute monarch of Crete.
* April 4 – An anarchist shoots at the Prince of Wales during his visit to Belgium.
* April 14 – The Paris World Exhibition opens.
* April 22 – Battle of Kousséri: French forces secure their domination of Chad. Warlord Rabih az-Zubayr is defeated
* April 26 – The Great Lumber Fire of Ottawa–Hull kills 7 and leaves 15,000 homeless.
* April 30 – Hawaii becomes an official U.S. territory.
* May 1 – An explosion of blasting powder in coal mine in Scofield, Utah kills 200.
* May 14 – The second Modern Olympic Games opens in Paris (as part of the Paris World Exhibition).
* May 17
- Second Boer War: British troops relieve the Mafeking.
- Boxer Rebellion: Boxers destroy 3 villages near Peking and kill 60 Chinese Christians.
* May 18 – The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
* May 21 – Russia invades Manchuria.
* May 23 – Sergeant William Harvey Carney is awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in 1863, as the first African
American to have been awarded this medal.
* May 24 – Second Boer War: The British annex the Orange Free State as the Orange River Colony.
* May 28 – Boxer Rebellion: The Boxers attack Belgians in the Fengtai railway station.
* May 29 – N'Djamena, the capital city of Chad, is founded as Fort-Lamy by French commander Émile Gentil.
* May 31 – Boxer Rebellion: Peacekeepers from various European countries arrive in China.
* June 1 – Carrie Nation begins her crusade to demolish saloons.
* June 5 – Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
* June 14 – The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
* June 20 – Boxer Rebellion: Boxers gather about 20,000 people near Peking and kill hundreds of European
citizens, including the German ambassador.
* June 30 – Saale disaster: The German passenger ship Saale, owned by the North German Lloyd Steamship line,
catches fire at the docks in Hoboken, New Jersey. The fire spreads to the adjacent piers and nearby ships, killing
* July 2 – The first zeppelin flight is carried out over Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
* July 5 – The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act passes the British Parliament.
* July 9 – Queen Victoria gives her royal assent to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.
* July 12 – A German cruise liner, the SS Deutschland, breaks the record for the Blue Riband for the first time with
an average speed of 22.4 knots.
* July 19 – The first line of the Paris Métro is opened.
* July 25 – The Robert Charles Riots break out in New Orleans, Louisiana.
* July 29 – King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
* August 14 – Boxer Rebellion: An international contingent of troops, under British command, invades Peking and
frees the Europeans taken hostage.
* September 8 – A powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000 people.
* September 13 – Philippine-American War: Filipino resistance fighters defeat a large American column in the Battle
of Pulang Lupa.
* September 17 – Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat the Americans under Colonel
Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
* September 25 – In the British general election, the recently formed Labour Party gains two seats. Winston
Churchill is also elected to Parliament for the first time.
* November 3 – The first automobile show in the United States opens at New York City's Madison Square Garden.
* November 6 – U.S. presidential election, 1900: Republican incumbent William McKinley is reelected by defeating
Democratic challenger William Jennings Bryan.
* December 7 – Max Planck announces his discovery of the law of black body emission, marking the birth of
* U.S. New Haven, CT Louis Lassen of Louis' Lunch makes the first modern-day hamburger sandwich.
* Japan participates with the European powers in occupying Beijing to suppress the Boxer Rebellion.
* Kouang-Tchéou-Wan added to French Indochina.
* Civil service consists of fewer than 3,500 top officials for a population of 300 million in India.
* 4 out of every 1,000 residents of British India die of cholera each year.
* January 1 – Xavier Cugat, Cuban bandleader (d. 1990)
* January 2 – William Haines, American actor (d. 1973)
* January 4 – James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
* January 5 – Yves Tanguy, French painter (d. 1955)
* January 16 – Edith Frank, German-Dutch mother of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
* January 23 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
* January 24 – Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian geneticist and evolutionary biologist (d. 1975)
* January 26 – Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
* January 27 – Hyman Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986)
* January 28 – Rajagopala Tondaiman, King of Pudukkottai (d. 1950)
* January 30 – Martita Hunt, Argentine-born British actress (d. 1969)
* February 4 – Jacques Prévert, French lyricist and author (d. 1977)
* February 5 – Adlai Stevenson, American politician (d. 1965)
* February 11 – Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (d. 2002)
* February 12 – Roger J. Traynor, American judge (d. 1983)
* February 19 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
* February 22 – Luis Buñuel, Spanish film director (d. 1983)
* February 25 – Richard M. Hollingshead, Jr., American inventor of the drive-in theatre (d. 1975)
* February 28 – Wolfram Hirth, German pilot and aircraft designer (d. 1959)
* March 4 – Herbert Biberman, American screenwriter and film director (d. 1971)
* March 7 – Lorimer Dods, Australian medical pioneer (d. 1981)
* March 9 – Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
* March 13 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (d. 1971)
* March 19 – Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 1958)
* March 23 – Erich Fromm, German-born psychologist and philosopher (d. 1980)
* March 29 – John McEwen, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
* March 31 – Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (d. 1974)
* April 2 – Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
* April 3 – Albert Ingham, English mathematician (d. 1967)
* April 3 – Albert Walsh, Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1958)
* April 5 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (d. 1967)
* April 8 – Marie Byles, Australian solicitor (d. 1979)
* April 16 – Polly Adler, Russian author (d. 1962)
* April 21 – Hans Fritzsche, German Nazi official (d. 1953)
* April 25 – Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
* April 26 – Charles Richter, American geophysicist and inventor (d. 1985)
* April 27 – August Koern, Estonian statesman and diplomat (d. 1989)
* April 28 – Maurice Thorez, French Communist Leader (d. 1964)
* April 30 – Cecily Lefort, English World War II heroine (d. 1945)
* May 1 – Ignazio Silone, Italian author (d. 1978)
* May 2 – A.W. Lawrence, a British leading authority on classical sculpture and architecture (d. 1991)
* May 6 – Zheng Ji, Chinese nutritionist and biochemist (d. 2010)
* May 12 – Helene Weigel, Austrian actress (d. 1971)
* May 17 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian political leader (d. 1989)
* May 23 – Hans Frank, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
* May 27 – Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
* May 28 – Tommy Ladnier, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1939)
* June 3
- Rolland Fisher, American temperance activist (d. 1982)
- Leo Picard, German-born Israeli geologist (d. 1997)
* June 4 – George Watkins, American baseball player (d. 1970)
* June 5 – Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
* June 7 – Glen Gray, American saxophonist (d. 1963)
* June 15 – Paul Mares, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1949)
* June 17 – Martin Bormann, German Nazi official (d. 1945)
* June 25 – Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India (d. 1979)
* June 29 – Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer (d. 1944)
* July 4 – Robert Desnos, French poet (d. 1945)
* July 6 – Frederica Sagor Maas, American playwright, essayist, and author
* July 13 – George Lewis, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1968)
* July 23 – John Babcock, last surviving World War I veteran of the Canadian military (d. 2010)
* July 29 – Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
* August 3 – Ernie Pyle, American journalist (d. 1945)
* August 4 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, queen of George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 2002)
* August 6 – Cecil H. Green, British-born geophysicist and businessman (d. 2003)
* August 10 – Arthur Espie Porritt, New Zealand politician and athlete (d. 1994)
* August 11
- Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
- Alexander Mosolov, Russian composer (d. 1973)
* August 18 – Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (d. 1964)
* August 19
- Colleen Moore, American actress (d. 1988)
- Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
* August 22 – Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (d. 1964)
* August 25 – Sir Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine (d. 1981)
* August 26 – Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
* September 3 – Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland (d. 1986)
* September 6 – W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (d. 1979)
* September 12 – Eric Thiman, English composer (d. 1975)
* September 18 – Thomas Darden, American Rear admiral, 37th Governor of American Samoa (d. 1961)
* September 22 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
* September 23 – Louise Nevelson, Ukrainian-born American sculptor (d. 1988)
* September 29 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
* September 29 – Auguste van Pels, German-Dutch mother of Peter van Pels, housemate of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
* October 1 – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
* October 6 – Stan Nichols, English cricketer (d. 1961)
* October 7 – Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi official and SS head (d. 1945)
* October 30 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1991)
* November 4 – Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
* November 5
- Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)
- Natalie Schafer, American actress (d. 1991)
* November 6 – Hugh Prosser, American actor (d. 1952)
* November 8
- Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943)
- Margaret Mitchell, American writer (Gone With The Wind) (d. 1949)
* November 11
- Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (d. 1989)
- Frederick Lawton, 9th Director of the Office of Management and Budget (d. 1975)
* November 13 – David Marshall Williams, American inventor (d. 1975)
* November 14 – Aaron Copland, American composer (d. 1990)
* November 16 – Nikolai Pogodin, Soviet playwright (d. 1962)
* November 22 – Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (d. 1980)
* November 25 – Rudolf Höß, German Nazi official (d. 1947)
* December 3
- Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (d. 2004)
- Richard Kuhn, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
* December 4 – John Axon, British railwayman (d. 1957)
* December 6 – Agnes Moorehead, American actress (Bewitched) (d. 1974)
* December 10 – Dominic Costa, Australian politician (d. 1976)
* December 12 – Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer (d. 1988)
* December 20 – Marinus van der Goes van Naters, Dutch politician (d. 2005)